Table of Contents

2017 Month : November Volume : 4 Issue : 88 Page : 5172-5175

BREAST-FEEDING AND INSULIN LEVELS IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT NEONATES

Harishchandra Venkata Yanamandala1, Seshagiri Koripadu2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Seshagiri Koripadu,
No. 15-12-19/1, Flat, No. 101, Padmalaya Apartment,
Krishna Nagar, Maharanipeta, Visakhapatnam - 530002.
E-mail: seshagiri_neo@yahoo.co.in
DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2017/1033

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
This study compared breast-feeding with or without supplemental feeding on short-term growth patterns and fasting insulin levels in low birth weight neonates.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study was conducted in Department of Paediatrics and it was approved by institutional review board. 100 low birth weight neonates who were less than 2.5 kgs who were born at >38 weeks of gestation, less than 10 days of age were enrolled in the study. 50 children’s parents provided informed consent (50%) and assured followup were included in the study.

RESULTS
In the present study, birth weight was 2.00 ± 0.58 in group I and it was 1.88 ± 0.35 kgs in group II; birth length was 43.5 ± 2.5 in group I and it was 43.8 ± 2.8 cms in group II; head circumference was 31.2 ± 1.4 in group I and it was 30.25 ± 8.7 cms in group II; chest circumference was 29.1 ± 2.8 in group I and it was 28.7 ± 5.8 in group II. Haemoglobin levels, glucose fasting levels were lesser in group II compared to group I and insulin levels and IQR levels were more in group II compared to group I.

CONCLUSION
Those low birth weight neonates who had exclusive breast-feeding had lesser fasting insulin levels when compared to those who were fed with fortified breast milk.

KEYWORDS
(VLBW), (ELBW), Type 2 Diabetes.

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