Table of Contents

2017 Month : November Volume : 4 Issue : 91 Page : 5491-5494

EVALUATION OF AETIOLOGICAL FACTORS FOR MEIBOMIAN GLAND DYSFUNCTION IN RURAL POPULATION

Smita Atul Pawar1, Seema Dutt Bandhu2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Smita Atul Pawar,
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology,
MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade,
Pune - 410507. Maharashtra.
E-mail: smita7pawar@gmail.com
DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2017/1097

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is widely prevalent condition that is associated with evaporative dry eye disease. Many a times, patients are not symptomatic, so the condition goes unnoticed in early stages.
The aim of the study is to investigate the association of MGD in relation to age, occupation and lid hygiene in rural population.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
In our prospective observational study, 100 patients in each case and control group were enrolled and detailed personal history including occupational, medical and drug history was recorded. Symptoms and visual acuity of patients was recorded followed by examination of lids, adnexa, ocular surface and surrounding nasal and paranasal area. MGD was graded as per the quality and expressibility of meibomian gland secretion.

RESULTS
Prevalence of MGD increases with advancing age. Chi-square test is suggestive of strong association with increasing age and MGD (x2=58.3; P<0.0001). MGD in rural population is more severe in animal handlers as compared to farmers and other occupations. Chi-square test of association was statistically significant (x2=51.49, P <0.0001).

CONCLUSION
We conclude that prevalence of MGD increases with advancing age and severity of MGD is more in animal handlers as compared to farmers and other occupations. Patient education on correct lid scrubbing and effective lid warming practices must be followed meticulously.

KEYWORDS
MGD, Occupation and MGD, MGD and Animal Handler, Lid Hygiene and MGD.

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