JOURNAL OF EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

Table of Contents

2018 Month : June Volume : 5 Issue : 24 Page : 1839-1841

PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS IMPACT ON GLOMERULAR RATE IN A POPULATION OF KERALA

Chitra Kuriakose1, V. S. Sumadevi2, Abraham Sebastian3, Annamma Kurien4

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Chitra Kuriakose,
Assistant Professor,
Department of Physiology,
Government Medical College, Kottayam.
E-mail: chitrasabin@yahoo.in
DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2018/383

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
Kidney function and hypertension are closely linked. What is the prevalence of hypertension and how one is affecting the other? Different studies show different results. Such a study in Keralite population is planned.
The objectives of the study are to find the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in a population of Kerala and its effect on GFR.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 519 subjects of all ages from the community are screened. Blood pressure and serum creatinine were assessed. e-GFR found using MDRD (modification of diet in renal disease) formula.

RESULTS
Prevalence of hypertension in the study population is 13.9% and prehypertension is 26.8%. Incidence of hypertension is increasing with age. Estimated GFR showed a decrease in hypertensives and prehypertensives.

CONCLUSION
Kidney function is affected by an increase in blood pressure.

KEYWORDS
Hypertension, prehypertension, e-GFR.