JOURNAL OF EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

Table of Contents

2019 Month : January Volume : 6 Issue : 1 Page : 14-18

PAEDIATRIC TUBERCULOSIS AMONG THE HOUSEHOLD AND NEIGHBOURHOOD CONTACTS OF ADULT TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN A MUNICIPALITY TOWN OF WEST BENGAL

Indranil Halder1, Ritesh Singh2, Arijit Das3

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Ritesh Singh,
Associate Professor,
Department of Community Medicine,
College of Medicine and JNM Hospital,
Kalyani, Nadia- 741235, West Bengal.
E-mail: drriteshsingh@yahoo.com
DOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2019/3

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
Tuberculosis though recognised as a major public health problem in our country, TB in children is a neglected disease. The main source of infection of the children are the active cases of tuberculosis living in their proximity. Children with TB are usually hidden in community. They need to be actively searched for.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Keeping above things in mind, a research was planned with the aim of finding out the Mantoux (TST) positivity and looking for signs and symptoms of active tuberculosis in children living with adult cases of tuberculosis. 90 children were identified who were either living with adult cases of active TB or were living in a separate house but close enough to a case. Socio-demographic information was obtained from the guardian of the eligible children. Height, weight and mid-upper arm circumference were also measured.

RESULTS
In 41% of the households, overcrowding was present implying that children living in those houses are in close contacts with cases of adult TB. 18% of the children are exposed to passive smoking. 8% of the children were TST positive. 37% of the children had cough or fever or both during the data collection period.

CONCLUSION
We can conclude that the paediatric contacts of adult TB cases have higher incidence of symptoms suggestive of tuberculosis.

KEYWORDS
Childhood TB, Prevalence, Contact Tracing, Mantoux Test, Tuberculin Skin Test.