JOURNAL OF EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

Table of Contents

2019 Month : May Volume : 6 Issue : 22 Page : 1582-1585

EFFECT OF INTERCOSTAL NERVE BLOCK AND NON-OPIOID DRUG THERAPY IN RIB FRACTURES: A COMPARATIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Sukumaran Nair Sreekumar1, Ranitha Ravindranath2, Anju Mariam Jacob3

Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Dr. S. Sreekumar,Additional Professor, Department of General Surgery,Government Medical College, Thrissur- 680596, Kerala, India.E-mail: drsreekumars@gmail.comDOI: 10.18410/jebmh/2019/319
ABSTRACTBACKGROUND Multiple fracture ribs following trauma is one of the common problems managed in a surgical casualty. Pain in rib fracture can be managed by different modes of analgesia. Superior analgesia provides superior improvement in lung compliance after rib fracture thereby reducing morbidity and mortality due to secondary pulmonary complications.
METHODSPatients with evidence of rib fracture who received intercostal nerve block along with non-opioid drugs were grouped into Group A and those who received non-opioid drugs alone were grouped into Group B. The effect on pain score and lung compliance were measured by using Visual Analogue Scale and a respirometer respectively before therapy, soon after therapy, 12 hours after therapy and 24 hours later (in both groups).
RESULTSIn patients who received both intercostal nerve block as well as non-opioid therapy, the pain score decreased, and respirometer score increased progressively. In patients who received non-opioid therapy alone, only a mild decrease in pain score and mild increase in respirometer score till 12 hours and even worsening of mean score 24 hours post therapy were noted. Also, the incidence of development of pulmonary complications of rib fractures was significantly low in the former group compared to the latter.
CONCLUSIONSIntercostal nerve block along with non-opioid drugs provide superior pain relief compared to that provided by non-opioid drugs alone in patients suffering from rib fracture. Lung compliance was better and complications lesser in patients who received intercostal nerve block.
KEYWORDSRib Fracture, Effective Analgesia, Intercostal Nerve Block, Secondary Complications.