JOURNAL OF EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

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2020 Month : May Volume : 7 Issue : 18 Page : 913-917

Retrospective Study of Histopathological Spectrum in Leprosy from a Tertiary Care Hospital, Odisha, India

Swagatika Agrawal1, Sunil Agarwal2, Raghumani Mohanty3, Swati Saswati4

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Swagatika Agrawal,
Assistant Professor,
#N-3/68, IRC Village, Nayapalli,
Bhubaneswar- 751015, Odisha.
E-mail: swagatika1125@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
Skin lesions are common in all countries, but it varies greatly with wide histological variation. Leprosy has been officially eliminated from India since December 2005. But even now high prevalence of the disease is being reported from different parts of the country. Leprosy is a chronic, curable infectious disease mainly causing skin lesion & nerve damage. The study was planned to evaluate the histopathological pattern of leprosy cases attending tertiary care hospital, their treatment & outcome.

METHODS
Records of 108 patients who were diagnosed as leprosy in the department of pathology of Hi-Tech Medical College, Bhubaneshwar, between 2014 -2019 were studied.

RESULTS
9.25% were children. M:F ratio was 2.7:1. Most common type was borderline tuberculoid.

CONCLUSIONS
It is seen that despite statistical elimination, multibacillary disease, leprosy reaction & deformities are seen although in less number than before. More active elimination strategy is needed.

KEYWORDS
Leprosy, Multibacillary, Skin Lesion, Nerve Damage